Online Course

Foundations of Creative Nonfiction

September 12 - November 20, 2022

Level Fundamentals

 Your introduction to the genre. Explore the techniques for gathering information and build literary skills to turn bare facts into compelling narratives.

Additional Information

It encompasses forms from memoir and personal essay to literary journalism, travel writing, and hybrid forms like the lyric essay, as well as many others. In this course, participants will get to experience working in a few of these subgenres by writing three essays of approximately 2,500 words. Each of the weekly lectures and readings will focus on a particular issue relevant to writing creative nonfiction, like how to go about conducting research, how to find and select subjects to write about, and how to use the scene building elements of craft to create memorable essays. There will also be optional writing exercises leading up to these larger assignments.

Course Schedule

Week 1: An Overview of Creative Nonfiction

During this introductory week, the lecture and readings will take a broad look at the various genres and subgenres in creative nonfiction. We’ll discuss the tactics writers use to pull us in as readers and we’ll look at what distinctively marks them as creative nonfiction. Because sometimes we know what to write about but other times we may need a jumpstart, the optional writing exercise will focus on techniques for launching a topic and for further developing our ideas in depth.

Week 2: Voice and Authenticity

Having the right voice (or voices) for your subject can harness commitment and understanding from your reader. This week we’ll explore the role voice plays in creative nonfiction. Can we ever really write in an authentic voice? Through a writing exercise, we’ll learn how to draw on our own experiences to individualize our voice. We’ll also discuss how to find the “right” narrative voice for our subjects.

Week 3: Particulars of Scene 

How do we weave together storytelling strategies like description, dialogue, anecdote, character development, and a strong authorial presence to engage the reader in a new world? This week will focus on the building blocks of creative nonfiction. Participants will learn how to create effective scenes that make characters come alive on the page, when to use dialogue and description to dramatize crucial moments, and how to gracefully include backstory without overwhelming the narrative. Participants will submit their first full-length essay (up to 2,500 words) by the end of the week.

Week 4: The Role of Research

This week we’ll talk about the importance of incorporating outside voices in our work, mainly those from research, and how these voices can affirm, support, challenge, and judge our own. The lecture will focus in depth on the ways to gather research—from mining our own memories and utilizing discussions from our friends and family to gathering information online or from public resources. We’ll learn how to use this research seamlessly in our work without sounding pedantic and while still maintaining the authorial voice. With the optional writing exercise, participants will learn how they can broaden the scope of their stories, shifting their work from the personal to the universal.

Week 5: Participatory Journalism

Immersing oneself, firsthand, in a life experience is one of the best research tools for creative nonfiction writers to use. This genre of writing, known as “immersion writing” or participatory journalism, was pioneered by writers like George Plimpton and Hunter S. Thompson. Recent practitioners of the form include Barbara Ehrenreich and A.J. Jacobs. This week we’ll follow in their footsteps and discover ways in which we can immerse ourselves in new experiences and opportunities for our writing—from taking up a new class or hobby to going “undercover” to following a particular subculture.

Week 6: Writing About Other People

This week’s focus will be on the ways we can accurately and honestly portray the subjects we write about. We’ll go over strategies for interviewing people that will let us into familiar worlds through new avenues, and we’ll discuss the legalities of writing about real people. Through this week’s lecture and the readings, we’ll see how writers use description and dialogue, as well as making sure to work in a pertinent backstory, to create individualized portraits.

Week 7: Writing About Place

Sometimes the “main character” in an essay can be a landscape—whether it is a new place we’ve visited, a place like our own hometown that we know very well, or a place we’ve merely passed through once. This week the lecture will focus on the role place can have in our writing, and, through the readings, we’ll examine the ways in which a writer’s presence can still be felt, whether up close or from afar, through the use of sensory details to make the reader feel the writer’s experience. We’ll combine our own memories with here-and-now observation to fully capture a particular place. Participants will submit their second full-length essay (up to 2,500 words).

Week 8: Polemics

Through writers like James Baldwin, David Foster Wallace, and Joan Didion, we’ll look at the polemic or opinion essay, a form that allows writers to construct and share an argument based on evidence, facts, and reason. We’ll discuss the role narrative tone can play in these essays and how to use rhetorical appeals to persuade our audience.

Week 9: Credibility and Fact-Checking

What is our obligation to the people we are writing about? Creative nonfiction writers often walk a thin line between being creative and truthful. This week’s lecture will focus on issues relating to truth, accuracy, and fact-checking in writing creative nonfiction. We’ll discuss the boundary between ethical and artistic clarity to consider whether emotional truth supersedes factual truth. At the end of the week, participants will turn in their third full-length essay (up to 2,500 words).

Week 10: Structure and Form 

A writer must have a repertoire of forms to draw from in shaping their work and so this week will have an emphasis on structure—what are the different ways writers can organize their ideas, images, and facts on the page, and how do these various structures affect how we understand the genre? For our final week, we’ll look at the interplay between form and content, and the readings will focus on writers who’ve pushed the conventions of narrative form.

View Complete Syllabus

Course Instructor

Course Registration


Out of stock

Become a Supporting Subscriber today and get up to 10% off your purchase.

Please Note

It is not uncommon for classes to fill up before the end of early registration, particularly in the last few days before the deadline. If you know for certain that you wish to take a particular class, we recommend registering early. If you'd like to be added to a waitlist for a sold-out class, please email our director of education, Sharla Yates, at [email protected].

Hear from our Students

Creative Nonfiction’s online writing classes have helped more than 3,000 writers tell their stories better.

Read Success Stories


I enjoyed reading other peoples work and getting feedback about my own work– the handouts/video links and class lessons were also very informative and relevantly paced to the give structural guidelines.

Catherine O’Neill

Online Course FAQs

  • What day and time is my online course?

    Our courses run asynchronously; meaning, you will NOT need to be online at any particular time. Assignments for CNF classes are given on a weekly basis; you should submit each assignment by a given deadline, but in most classes you will have at least an entire week to complete the assignment. We realize that our students live in many different areas and have different work schedules, so classes are designed to be flexible. Courses feature one live conference session, which does require that you be online at a particular time; however, participation in this session is completely optional, and instructors make an effort to offer times that can accommodate most students. This is scheduled by the instructor after class begins. If you are not able to participate in the live conference you will still be able to view a recording of it during the remaining weeks of the class. Please note that there are no video conferences in boot camp courses.

  • What makes CNF’s classes different from other online programs?


    Some online programs work on a “synchronous” model, which requires you to be online at an assigned time each week. The asynchronous model used in our classes means that you do not have to be online at any particular time of day, and can approach the class assignments at your own pace based on your schedule. While some optional events—such as class video conferences—do take place at a specific time, the majority of class activities can be completed according to your schedule.

    Intimate Classes

    Classes are small—limited to 14 students per section—which means you’ll receive individual attention and feedback on your work.

    Experienced Instructors

    Good writing instructors not only need to be skilled writers, but also need to have experience in teaching what they know to others. That’s why all of our instructors are professional writers with extensive teaching experience.

    Substantial and Meaningful Writing Assignments

    Many online writing programs ask you to complete short writing exercises each week, and only near the end of the class are you invited to write a single essay or chapter. At Creative Nonfiction, we recognize the value of exercises, but also believe that completing an essay or chapter is the best way for developing writers to really explore how all the elements of creative nonfiction work together. Writing complete pieces also leaves you with a sense of accomplishment and with work you can share when the class is completed. For this reason, in our classes you are invited to submit longer pieces multiple times during a course. See course syllabus for more information.

    Sense of Connection

    We realize that it is difficult to find one’s writing community—which is why we now offer every new student membership to a Community Page where you can meet with other CNF students, during and after class.

  • What are your community standards?

    Creative Nonfiction is committed to creating a welcoming and comfortable experience for all staff and participants regardless of gender identity and expression, sexual orientation, disabilities, neurodiversity, physical appearance, ethnicity, nationality, race, age, or religion.

    We expect that staff and participants will treat each other with respect in all interactions. We will not tolerate discrimination or harrassment in conjunction with any of our programs. Harassment could include but is not limited to:

    • Repeated disruption of classes, lectures or discussion
    • Deliberate intimidation
    • Unwelcome sexual attention
    • Comments or displayed images that harmfully reinforce structures of oppression

    Community posts violating any of these guidelines can and will be removed from the page at any time. Anyone asked to stop harassing behavior is expected to comply immediately.

    Harassment does not include respectful disagreement or critique in good faith. Reading and writing, by their nature, include exposure to controversial, challenging, and sometimes offensive language. We encourage all participants to follow the peer review guidelines provided by their instructor.

    When you join a course you agree to…

    • respect others and respect their writing;
    • maintain the privacy of all submitted work;
    • treat others with respect;
    • not infringe on anyone’s copyright;
    • not harass, abuse, threaten or impersonate another user; and
    • not use libelous, obscene, or abusive work.

    Online Communication Guide

    Online communication happens without the benefit of body language and tone. Therefore, it can be easy to misinterpret. The following tips may help participants engage in civil, intelligent, vigorous discourse without impugning the personal dignity of others:

    1. Start from a position of generosity (i.e. assume that people mean well)
    2. Address your post to someone or to the group. Instead of “Hey” or just jumping in to your post, try “Hi All” or “Hi [Name].”
    3.  Don’t be afraid to use emoticons and/or exclamation points! 🙂
    4. Please avoid ALL CAPS whenever possible, as they tend to come off as RUDE or YELLING.
    5. Avoid harsh or offensive language of any kind. If you’re in doubt, try rewording or reconsidering your post.
    6. Sarcasm is very difficult to convey in writing — best to avoid it.
    7. When interacting with your peers, please consider that some may have limited experience with English, online education, and/or creative writing. It’s a good rule of thumb not to write anything you wouldn’t say if that person were standing in front of you.
    8. Often writers from underrepresented groups are asked to explain everything for an assumed monolithic audience (often cis/white/hetero/masculine/able-bodied, etc. etc.). As you respond to peers’ work, keep in mind that you may not be the writer’s intended audience, and leave room for the possibility that the writer is writing for a group of which you are not a member. (For more on this, listen to this episode of Code Switch for an in depth conversation.)

    See your course for additional feedback guidelines provided by your instructor.

  • How do I find my course archive?

    All course work is saved in Wet.Ink. When the course closes, you can find the archive by logging in to your account, and choosing “Past Classes.” Archives include course content (lectures, readings, writing prompts, etc.), your posts and writing submissions, and any feedback given on your writing. The course archive will not include your classmates’ writing submissions.

  • What do the course levels mean?

    FUNDAMENTALS—open to all levels.
    Our fundamentals courses are designed for those who are new to writing or new to creative nonfiction, as well as those who could benefit from a back-to-basics review on how to effectively and intentionally use elements of the writer’s craft.

    INTERMEDIATE—prerequisites suggested. 
    Our intermediate courses are designed for writers who have some experience either in the genre or CNF’s courses. Past course participation is not required, but we do recommend starting with one of our fundamentals courses, especially Foundations of Creative Nonfiction.

    ADVANCED—prerequisites for enrollment. 
    Our advanced courses are for writers who have completed two previous online courses (not including self-guided courses) with Creative Nonfiction (one must be an intermediate level course).